he year 2021, which is marked by our facing some of the cracks revealed in our system by the COVID-19 pandemic and the sequential need to address them in the recovery period, is an ideal opportunity to open a debate on how we understand justice in our society and how we will ensure equality. Also in 2021, we mark the 50th anniversary of the release of John Rawls’s A Theory of Justice, which is one of the fundamental parts of regulating mutual relations in the liberal social order as we know it today. This fundamental work has, in an important part, complemented the rich collection of debates on justice that date back to the time of antiquity and were later grounded in the ideas of the social contract. This important historic crossroads is an ideal opportunity to ask ourselves whether the concept of justice as we know it today is still relevant for regulating social relations in the 21st century, what are the shortcomings and what calls to attention in the future, etc. In fact, some new challenges have emerged in modern society that we need to consider – these being related to health, digitalisation, environmental protection, labour market, economy, and so on.