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Managing Election Violence and Sustaining Peace and Security in West Africa

The year 2023 witnessed different forms of elections take place in Nigeria, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea. They occurred during a crucial period when the region’s commitment to establishing democracy and lasting peace was under severe strain. Factors such as the rise of violent extremism, a diminishing civic space, increased radicalisation, and a resurgence of coup d’états in the ECOWAS region contributed to this challenging environment.