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Wheat is the most critical food crop in Syria, with bread being the primary staple food.

Since 2011, “conflict events, loss of agricultural institutions, inflation, increase in fuel price, currency depreciation, shortage of manpower due to low wages, and high frequency of extreme weather events like floods, frost, and drought scenarios, and the introduction of imported flour, are all major factors in diminishing returns from the local production of wheat.” Learn more about why farmers are abandoning wheat production from iMMAP’s Wheat Value Chain report.